Posted by: gappossy | June 4, 2009

Welcome to our site!

This is our Global Awareness Project blog. We are comparing art forms of Greece and India. Our main project, bibliography, and planning + Big Six are divided into three pages. If you want to see one art form at a time, type the name of the art form into the search bar and click on the post you want to see.

Overall, Greek and Indian art had many similarities and differences.  Even though they lived far away and had different beliefs, their depicted the same topics: Gods and goddesses, animals, royalty, myths, everyday life, and sports.  Jewelry-wise, they both used a lot of gold, although Indians used more beads and gems.  In sculpture, Greeks mostly used stone, and Indians used a variety of materials.  Their paintings were also very similar.  Architecture was quite different.  Greek architecture used the golden ratio, and their buildings were usually made of marble.  They used doric and ionic columns to hold the roof of the building up.  Indian buildings had elaborate designs carved in them, like people dancing, or gods and goddess.  Theater was performed a lot in Greece, but not as much in India.  Plays in India and Greece were usually about myths.  Masks were a must in theater.  In India, masks weren’t used that much.  Instead, they painted their faces with bright colors.  In Greece, dance mostly was performed in the theater.  On the other hand, Indians had many different types of dance, like Kathak, Orissi, Manipuri, and many others.  The only evidence of musical instruments in Greece were on their pottery.  Greeks had instruments such as a lyre, pipes, harps, and kithara.  Indians had many more musical instruments such as the tabla, pungi, santoor, and the manjeera.  We do not know much about Greek music, but we do know a lot about Indian music.  Like Hindustani, Carnatic, etc.  Fashion had many differences also.  Indian clothing had cleaner, more modern lines, most of the time with bright colors and thick fabric.  Indian clothing also had more gems, embroidery, etc.  Greek clothing was usually white, but sometimes, women clothing were dyed in bright colors.  Both cultures wore sandals, because of the versatility and they were also quite comfortable. 

 

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Posted by: gappossy | June 2, 2009

Comparing Fashion

Greek and Indian fashion were very different.  Chitons were the most commonly worn clothing in Greece, like the Indians, some were dyed in bright colors.  This makes sense because the climate in both India and Greece were sort of hot in the summer.  The Greeks wore leather sandals, and even though the Indians probably wore sandals too, they might’ve not been made out of leather.  Instead, they probably wore sandals with a wooden sole and cloth where ever they needed to put it.

Posted by: gappossy | June 2, 2009

Greek Fashion

There is not much to say about Greek fashion.  There was a chiton, made of linen or wool, and it was pinned or sewn around the shoulders.  Over the chiton, Greeks drape a hard-wearing woolen cloak called a himation. The himation is very expensive. It is a sign of elegance to have your himation arranged properly–too short or people laugh at you, too long or it drags behind you.  Women wore ankle-length chitons dyed in bright colors.  When Greeks were home, they were barefoot, but when they were outside, they wore comfortable leather sandals.  Gross fact of the post: Greeks did not wear underwear. If they were cold, they just put on another chiton.

This is a chiton, pretty much what the greeks wore most of the time, unless they were fighting.

These are the comfortable sandals I was talking about earlier.

Posted by: gappossy | May 29, 2009

Indian Fashion

Indian fashion was light and bright.  This makes sense, because the brighter colors won’t absorb as much light, and if the shirt was lighter, obviously, they would feel cooler.  Indian clothes usually were very elaborate, with lots of embroidery and beads.  Men usually wore a simple shirt. 

This is a sari.

This outfit was probably worn to a special occasion.

This is a Punjabi wedding dress, notice that it is not white.

This is a “man” shirt.

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Indian and Greek Music

We do not know much about Greek music, only that people sang for entertainment, spiritual, and celebration reasons. Indian music was divided into two categories: Hindustani and Carnatic, which were types of classical music. Indian music has a different scale with different notes than Western music.  Hindustani music themes include romantic love, nature, and devotionals. Carnatic music tends to be more structured than Hindustani music, and the main themes of Carnatic music are worship, descriptions of temples, philosophy, and patriotic songs, etc.

This is an example of carnatic music.

This is an example of Indian classical music. 

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Masks of India and Greece

Believe it or not, masks are also a type of art.  Indians didn’t really use masks that much; they painted their face with bright colors instead, but masks were a big part of Greek theater.  The mouth-holes of the mask were large so the voices were amplified, and sometimes the scripts were written on the insides of the masks. Masks had large, exaggerated facial features and emotions, but the Indian “masks” also had exaggerated expressions.  (Well, the actors did).

 

A typical Greek mask, with exaggerated emotions, is shown here.

Two masks shown on a fresco.

A simple painting of the “comedy” and “tragedy” masks that are widely known today and first used by the ancient Greek.

Another Greek mask. Note the large mouth hole.

Another mask, notice the mouth hole again.

Another mask with exaggerated emotions.

An early mask of Dionysus.

 

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Greek and Indian Theater

Greek and Indian theatre were very different. Greeks are famous for theatre while Indians are not.  Unlike Greek theater, Indian theater was probably performed on a simple stage.  Like the Greeks, plays were about myths and stories.  Greek theatre architecture was the same for all theatres, with a theatre cut into the hillside with semicircle seats. The types of theatre were comedy, tragedy, and satyr, which grew into the satire we know today, which was a type of theatre making fun of other things. Comedy was basically the main character going from a low place to a high place, the tragedy vice versa.

This is a typical Greek theater.

This is a beautiful view of the theater at Epidaurus by sunset.

This is the typical layout of a Greek Theater.

This is a side view of a Greek theatre.

Yet another Greek theater.

A theater framed by mountains in the background.

This is a carving of what goes on on the stage.

More pictures from a play.

A beautiful picture of the ruins of a Greek theater.

A scene from Aristophanes’ “Birds”.

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Greek Jewelry

Greek jewelry was usually made out of gold.  Jewelry worn by the Greek  included just the obvious bracelets, necklaces, and rings as well as golden armbands and circlets, which were worn around the head. 

This is a gold circlet, with lots of decorations, such as tassels. 

 

An armband shaped like a snake (Indian armbands were usually shaped like a snake also).

This is a typical necklace.

From left to right: necklace, circlet, earrings, bracelet, earrings, and ring.

 This is a bracelet.

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Indian Jewelry

Indian jewelry types included toe rings, anklets, armbands, kamarband rings (a type of waistband), and hathphool (a beautiful ornament worn on the back of the hand), as well as the conventional bracelets, bangles, necklaces, and rings.  Like Greek jewelry, Indian jewelry also was also made out of gold most of the time, armbands usually had snakes, and the type of jewelry they wore were very similar, although Indian jewelry usually had more gems, beads, etc. 

This is an Indian necklace.

 

Armband in the shape of a snake.

Anklet and toe ring.

This is a kamarband.

The brightly colored and highly decorated hathpool.

These are bangles.   

Posted by: gappossy | May 28, 2009

Comparing musical intruments

Musical instruments in Greece and India were very different. Indian music sounded more “exotic”.  Greeks and Indians had no influence on each other’s music, which, obviously, made their music very different.

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